Viña Valdivieso dates back to 1879 when Alberto Valdivieso founded Champagne Valdivieso, the first company in Chile and South America to make sparkling wine. More than a hundred years later in the late 1980s, the company expanded in a new direction when it began commercial production of still wines, as Viña Valdivieso, in our Curicó Valley winery in Lontué. Valdivieso wines have since had a very successful career, triumphing in major world markets and achieving the highest honours in international competitions. These achievements are not an objective in themselves, but rather the result of the search for superior quality wines that are both distinctive and attractive. Chile´s climate is greatly influenced by the cold Humboldt Current, which regulates temperatures, attenuates maximum temperatures and prevents extreme temperature variations throughout the year. The Andes Mountains also affect temperature, rainfall, and water reserves. They block the influence of the Pacific, encourage rainfall in eastern Chile along the western face of the mountains, and accumulate snow and ice during the winter to provide a reserve of water for irrigation during the summer. Chile´s climate varies substantially from the warm, dry north to the cooler, wetter south, but there is also significant variation from east to west determined by geography and oceanic influence. In general, the soils are of alluvial origin with widely varying textures, depths, and degrees of fertility. The geographic isolation of Chile´s wine regions bounded by the Atacama Desert, the Pacific Ocean, the Andes Mountains, and Patagonia form a barrier against pests and disease. Chile is one of the very few places on Earth that is free of phylloxera, the insect that attacks vines and that destroyed vineyards around the world in the mid-19th century. Chile´s vineyards are therefore planted with pure, ungrafted vines, unlike the rest of the world, which requires that vines be grafted to phylloxera-resistant rootstocks. The country´s four clearly marked seasons present little risk of spring frosts. The pattern of rainfall is ideal, with little precipitation in the spring and almost none during the summer and early fall, thus assuring optimal conditions of vine health and grape maturity with minimal use of pesticides. Most wine regions enjoy significant variation between daytime and nighttime temperatures. Daytime highs of up to 30-33°C encourage the production of sugar, colour, aromas, and fully ripe tannins, while nighttime lows (13-15°C) reduce the degradation of those components and acids. The final result is the production of grapes with greater concentration.
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